While there are countless artists in the world, only a small number of these ever get to become truly renowned and influence scores of people. It can be hard to say who are the most influential of all, but these nine 20th century artists are amongst those who have most inspired others with their works.
There’s no denying that Pablo Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the 20th century. At the time, his work in cubism was completely unchartered territory and was as shocking as it was groundbreaking.
The post-impressionist Paul Cezanne may have died in 1906, but his later works still made a huge impact on 20th century art. Painted in 1901, Pyramid of Skulls is a striking resignation to our own mortality.
The Austrian Symbolist painter, Gustav Klimt, is known worldwide and has inspired many of today’s artists. His works are often marked by a bold eroticism.
Claude Monet is a name that is instantly recognised by almost anyone in the Western world. While the French impressionist’s most famous work is his Water Lilies, there’s much more to his legacy than that.
According to the Tate gallery, Marcel Duchamp created his very own kind of cubism, which combined mechanical and visceral forms with an illusion of movement and rich, earthy colours. The Bride Stripped Bare by her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) is thought to be his most important work, but was unfortunately badly damaged while being transported.
The French artist Henri Matisse is best known for his use of colour and his fluid way of painting. While he was primarily a painter, he was also a keen sculptor and printmaker. His work is considered part of the fauvism movement. Artists wishing to have a go at recreating this style can find all sorts of supplies online, from retailers such as http://www.jacksonsart.com/.
While Jackson Pollock’s work has been much imitated, at the time it was like nothing anyone had seen before. He created a new technique that he named drip art. He was perhaps the most influential artist of the abstract expressionism movement.
If anyone mentions pop art, then Andy Warhol is bound to spring to mind. Not only was it an artistic movement, it was also a cultural movement and a huge phenomenon. Warhol took everyday images — such as Mickey Mouse or a can of Campbell’s soup — and used them in his artwork to show the way that these symbols are pervasive in our day to day lives.
Willem de Kooning
The Dutch American abstract expressionist, Willem de Kooning, was a prolific 20th century artist who created a multitude of works throughout his career. Some of his now famous works, painted using household enamels, only came to be because he didn’t have enough money to buy himself any paints.
Image credits: http://www.flickr.com/photos/oddsock/432160820/